Concrete is the second most used material after water and the production of cement is responsible for 5–8% of global carbon dioxide emissions. The development of low-carbon concretes is pursued worldwide to help the construction industry make its contribution to decarbonising the built environment and achieving carbon reduction targets agreed under the Paris Climate Agreement.
Chloride ion penetration in concrete is one of the major causes of deterioration of reinforced concrete structures by depassivation of reinforcing bars. Since testing of the natural chloride penetration is time consuming, utilising an accelerated test method is more desirable.
Coastal infrastructure is under constant attack from the marine environment. Under current conditions, breakwaters and seawall armoured by rock or concrete units require regular monitoring and maintenance. But with anticipated changes to the coastal wave climate due to climate change scenarios, costal structures would be exposed to even greater wave energy, and higher rates of damage.
In this paper, geopolymer concrete bond with both deformed and smooth reinforcing steel bars is investigated using the standard RILEM pull-out test. The geopolymer binder is composed of 85.2% of low calcium fly ash and 14.8% of ground granulated blast furnace slag (GGBFS).
The main purpose of this research is to study the time dependent behaviour of a geopolymer concrete. The geopolymer binder is composed of 85.2% of low calcium fly ash and only 14.8% of ground granulated blast furnace slag. Both drying shrinkage and creep are studied. In addition, different curing conditions at elevated temperature were used.
Geopolymer concrete (GPC) has significant potential as a more sustainable, low-embodied carbon alternative for ordinary Portland cement concrete (PCC). However, as a rather new engineering material, there are some concerns over the durability aspects of geopolymeric binders.
The oldest and simplest bond test, which is the standard concentric pull out test, is usually used as a comparative test for different concretes in order to assess the bond with deformed bars. In this paper, two types of concrete are considered: Ordinary Portland cement (OPC) concrete and a novel concrete technology, namely geopolymer concrete (GPC).
Geopolymer concrete (GPC) has significant potential as a more sustainable alternative for ordinary Portland cement concrete (PCC). However; as a rather new engineering material, there are some concerns over the durability aspects of geopolymer-based binders.