The Integrated Carbon Metrics (ICM) Embodied Carbon Life Cycle Inventory (LCI) Database (ICM Database) provides Australian-specific Carbon Footprint Intensities for around 700 construction and building materials, as well as built environment-related products and processes, based on a hybrid life cycle assessment methodology.
Suburbs have naturally become a focal point of carbon mitigation for cities undergoing rapid suburbanization. This has created a debate over which urban form can more effectively lead to lower household carbon footprints (CF).
Concrete is the second most used material after water and the production of cement is responsible for 5–8% of global carbon dioxide emissions. The development of low-carbon concretes is pursued worldwide to help the construction industry make its contribution to decarbonising the built environment and achieving carbon reduction targets agreed under the Paris Climate Agreement.
This note presents a method to decompose life cycle inventories derived from integrated and mixed-unit hybrid life cycle assessment. The approach extends the decomposition method described by Wiedmann by diferentiating between impacts from industries, products and processes.
The construction industry contributes around 18% of greenhouse gas emissions, 40% of depletion of natural resources, and 25% of wastes globally. To reduce these impacts, construction industries can adopt low-carbon alternatives for construction materials and waste minimisation strategies, including the recycling of construction and demolition waste.
Progressive cities worldwide have demonstrated political leadership by initiating meaningful strategies and actions to tackle climate change. However, the lack of knowledge concerning embodied greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions of cities has hampered effective mitigation.
A trans-national, multi-region input-output analysis for cities is presented.
The authors examine the carbon footprint network of ten cities.
The balance of emissions embodied in trade discloses a hierarchy of responsibility.
The authors model how emissions reductions spread through the city carbon networks.
Cutter soil mix (CSM) walls are created by mixing soils with cement and bentonite slurry to produce a soil–cement mix with modest tensile and compressive strengths. CSM walls may be stabilised using internal steel beams. Presented here are the results of a CSM wall field trial and laboratory testing programme.
As global population and urbanization increase, so do the direct and indirect environmental impacts of construction around the world. Low-impact products, buildings, precincts and cities are needed to mitigate the effects of building construction and use. Analysis of embodied energy and greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions across these scales is becoming more important to support this direction.
New research shows that 90 megatonnes of greenhouse gas emissions are emitted annually in constructing new buildings and infrastructure and maintaining the existing ones. Reducing this liability of “embodied” emissions will be much harder than building zero-carbon buildings. Here is why.