This report argues that international attention on the effects of urbanisation have identified that simple and effective urban transportation systems as essential to successful outcomes, and that transportation systems must be integrated, easily accessible, and feature low-carbon and renewable energy.
Desalination is an increasingly common method of improving water security in arid and semi-arid regions. According to the International Desalination Association, the 19,000 desalination plants that now operate globally each day produce 88.6 gigalitres of water. The water from those facilities supports 300 million people.
With current gas prices in Australia soaring, fracking has the potential to relieve the burden, but implementing it will be challenging due to strong opposition, a lack of popularity and state government bans on the process.