Public transport interchanges facilitate transfers between a wide range of motorised and nonmotorised transport modes, allowing users to move from feeder modes such as walking, cycling, private vehicles and local feeder buses to rapid transit, high volume modes such as heavy rail, light rail and busways.
The 21st Century has seen the rapid rise of sharing economy mobility services. Enabled by ubiquitous ‘smart’ devices and secure electronic financial transactions, shared mobility has allowed the collective ownership and use of transport assets in new commercial ways.
Urban mobility options have substantially increased in recent years, enabled by the widespread availability of smart device software Apps, geo-positioning technology, and the ease of electronic financial transactions. These options are likely to be supplemented soon by the rapidly advancing development of autonomous vehicles.