Residential and commercial buildings accounted for over 2,000 Million Metric Tons (MMT) of carbon equivalent emissions and 40% of the total energy consumed in the United States in 2016. New construction and major renovations in buildings have a long-term impact on emissions as many of the features incorporated at time of construction will impact energy consumption for decades.
Buildings are one of the biggest sources of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, accounting for over half of total city emissions on average, and a significant source of air pollution. Currently, half a million people die each year due to outdoor air pollution caused by energy used in buildings.
Russia has acknowledged energy efficiency as an important direction for its policy development. In 2008, an economy-wide target was set to reduce energy intensity by 40% by 2020 in relation to 2007. The target is supported by Federal Law 261 on Energy Savings and Energy Efficiency (2009) and the State Program on Energy Efficiency (2014).
Economic development will lead to higher demand for various end-use goods and services in India. Energy-efficient technologies provide a way forward to achieve economic growth at relatively lower costs due to associated multiple benefits such as resource conservation, lower energy consumption, higher productivity and lower emissions intensity per unit of output.
This paper is also an urgent call to heed the need for rapid proliferation of LCL principles and projects, and their mobilization across the built environment production system. It is a call to build an open market for this by creating the required regulatory and policy frameworks, and to remove all the overt and hidden ways in which fossil content is subsidised.
Urbanization is one of the global megatrends of our time, unstoppable and irreversible. In 30 years, two-thirds of the world’s population will live in urban areas; 90 per cent of this urban growth will take place in less developed regions such as East Asia, South Asia, and Sub-Saharan Africa.
This report presents findings of a survey of 120 people across Australia who are connected to schools, and examines their beliefs, attitudes and experiences relating to the impact of their built environment on health and learning outcomes.