05 Sep 2018

Since the Paris Climate Agreement solidified an “all hands on deck” approach to climate change, cities, regions and businesses have become key contributors to mitigation, adaptation and finance efforts.

Research report
06 May 2018

This article analyses the implementation of emissions trading systems (ETSs) in eight jurisdictions: the EU, Switzerland, the Regional Greenhouse Gas Initiative (RGGI) and California in the US, Québec in Canada, New Zealand, the Republic of Korea and pilot schemes in China. The article clarifies what is working, what isn’t and why, when it comes to the practice of implementing an ETS.

Journal article
02 Apr 2018

Last year brought highs and lows in the global effort to confront climate change. On one hand, we saw an upsurge in international commitment to action, including deals announced at the extraordinary One Planet Summit that marked two years since the signing of the Paris Agreement.

Annual Report
02 Apr 2018

An emissions trading system (ETS) is a market-based mechanism that is applied to achieve emissions targets at least cost. By fixing a quantity of emissions (the cap), requiring that companies surrender one allowance for each unit of emissions generated and making the allowance tradable, a carbon market is created through which an allowance price emerges.

Research report
10 Jul 2018

The United Nations had determined that 55% of the world's population live in cities.Using a definition made possible by advances in geospatial technology that uses high-resolution satellite images to determine the number of people living in a given area, research reported in this news letter estimates that 84 percent of the...

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At Future Earth, we believe that research, innovation, and collaboration can transform the world toward sustainability. We harness the experience and reach of thousands of scientists and innovators from across the globe. Together, this global community facilitates research, mobilises networks, sparks innovation, and turns knowledge into action.

Website
18 Apr 2018

Renewable energy needs to be scaled up at least six times faster for the world to start to meet the goals set out in the Paris Agreement. The historic climate accord from 2015 seeks, at minimum, to limit average global temperature rise to “well below 2°C” in the present century, compared to pre-industrial levels.

Policy report
01 Apr 2018

The world needs more infrastructure, particularly in developing countries. But not just any infrastructure. To achieve the economic, social and environmental objectives embodied by the Paris Agreement and the Sustainable Development Goals (SGDs), this infrastructure must be sustainable, low-carbon and climate resilient.

Discussion paper
27 Mar 2018

This report provides an updated baseline scenario for the development of emissions to 2035 and gives an overview of measures that can effectively reduce shipping emissions.

Policy report
12 Apr 2018

Desalination is an increasingly common method of improving water security in arid and semi-arid regions. According to the International Desalination Association, the 19,000 desalination plants that now operate globally each day produce 88.6 gigalitres of water. The water from those facilities supports 300 million people.

Research report
22 Jan 2018

This paper analyzes the observed highest temperatures that occur every year at nearly 9000 stations, and how they are changing over time and especially over the past 50 and 30 years. This research found these short-term heatwaves to be increasing in most places, especially Eurasia and Australia, and also in megacities.

Journal article
18 Dec 2017

This quick guide provides a list of key Australian sources, and some high level international resources, that assist in understanding the Australian energy market.

Guide