This analysis shows that the final rules agreed on how zero and low-emission cars are counted towards the Cars CO2 regulation in the European Union – i.e. the multiplier for plug-in hybrids, double-counting in some markets as well as the potential inclusion of Norway – leave room for gaming and loopholes.
On Monday 18 March 2019, the European Commission will present and discuss with Member States, industry and civil society a “Roadmap towards clean vehicles”. This document is the first-ever EU strategy to tackle polluting diesels on the road. It is the first proposal for an integrated EU strategy to tackle the legacy of Dieselgate currently on Europe’s roads.
The aim of the paper is to examine the long-term relationship between economic complexity, energy consumption structure, and greenhouse gas emission, within a panel of European Union countries and two subpanels: (i) European economies with higher economic complexity and (ii) European economies with a lower level of economic complexity.
The EU building sector needs to develop and deploy more innovative solutions in order to enhance the building stock’s energy efficiency and help meet energy and climate policy targets. The European Union is therefore supporting projects that address design and construction processes as well as new technologies, with funding from the Horizon 2020 programme.
This report reviews progress achieved by European Union Member States in reaching cost-optimal levels of minimum energy performance requirements for new and existing buildings, and also for building elements.
In 2016, most EU legislation on buildings, including the Energy Performance of Buildings Directive (EPBD), the Energy Efficiency Directive (EED) and the Renewable Energy Sources Directive (RED), are undergoing a review process.
This working paper brings together the findings of the first stage in this study, which focusses on the identification of 'macro-objectives' for the environmental performance of the EU building stock. This stage is intended to provide an initial 'top down' view of what the strategic priorities (the 'macro-objectives') should be for the building sector.
Developed as a common EU framework of core indicators for the sustainability of office and residential buildings, Level(s) provides a set of indicators and common metrics for measuring the environmental performance of buildings along their life cycle.
This document is the companion to parts 1 and 2 of the guidance on how to use Level(s). In part 1 a general introduction to Level(s) is provided, together with in Part 2 an overview of the macro-objectives, performance indicators and the three Levels of performance assessment (Level(s) - Part 1 and 2). The three Levels are:
This document is an example of Recommendations for EU states that gives guidance on how to proceed with zero-energy buildings. It is likely the recommendations apply elsewhere. The document answers questions like "How do renewable energy sources contribute?". Other information includes
This paper focuses on the ex post evaluation of national energy efficiency policy mixes in the building sector, more specifically the effectiveness of implemented policy packages on helping to achieve energy savings and avoided greenhouse gas emissions (GHGs). The analysis covers all Policies and Measures (PaMs) affecting heating and cooling of residential buildings.