This paper analyses current active transport usage in a car-dependent metropolis using household travel survey data. A major conclusion emerges: most people and households did not undertake any reportable active transport usage, despite increasing policy support, education and promotion encouraging uptake. Less than a quarter of the population recorded travel on foot and just over 2% by bicycle, although there are differences by gender and age. There are important implications for policy development and urban design interventions aimed at encouraging greater use of the active modes.
The aim of this project is to develop and trial a prototype low-carbon precinct co-benefits calculator for use by urban planners and designers. The calculator will estimate co-benefits associated with a range of alternative precinct designs and transport/land use configurations across health, productivity, and pollution associated with greenhouse gases and particulate emissions.
This article shines a spotlight on healthy planning for rural and regional communities, and dispels a few commonly held myths about the reality of the health and wellbeing challenges for those beyond the city.
More and more of us living in denser cities where apartments and high-rise developments are increasingly common. This creates specific health concerns for residents of these areas, and for lower-income households in particular.
The CRC Low Carbon Living Launch included a Workshop for CRC LCL Participants with the aim to update participants on the CRC, its plans to date and to obtain their input into what they want to be included in the CRC LCL Research projects.
Program 3: Engaged Communities presented "Pathways to built environment emissions reductions".
Project RP2015 was a scoping study designed to inform the CRCLCL on the research and development needs to maximise potential health and productivity co-benefits of low carbon planning and design for precincts.
Describes current planning and policy interventions in place in Australia to encourage low carbon active transport forms such as walking, cycling and using public transport. Executive Summary
Project RP2015 was a scoping study designed to inform the CRC on the needs for R&D on the potential health and productivity co - benefits of low carbon planning and design for precincts. This Part I report provides a review of international research on co - benefits, examining and discussing current Australian policies in this area. The report meets the Cooperative Research Centre for Low Carbon Living’s (CRC LCL) milestones R2.4.1 ‘Audit of current Australian policies (national, state, metropolitan and regional urban planning and health policies)’ and U2.4.1 ‘ Policies (nationa l, state and local) where the co - benefits calculator can be used identified ’, and provides directions for the CRC’s research on co - benefits. Co - benefits are defined to be ancillary benefits – such as community health and productivity gains – that result fr om intentional decisions to address low carbon living through energy demand and greenhouse gas emission reductions, with a focus on low carbon precincts.
The report describes current planning and policy interventions in place in Australia to encourage low carbon active transport forms such as walking, cycling and public transport. It describes the importance of research on co - benefits and the need for the CRC to support a major research initiative in this field. Such a project will identify and quantify co - benefits for public health and productivity from the planning and evaluation of low carbon urban precincts – the core activity of the CRC’s Low Carbon Precincts research program.
The review found clear and growing interest in co - benefits, but also indicate s that while there are some significant programs in the health sector, these interests are largely uncoordinated, especially from an urban planning perspective. In addition, there is a need for quantitative tools to allow the co - benefits to be included in the economic evaluation process of precinct assessment. The review found three relevant existing tools: the Health Economic Assessment Tool (HEAT) developed by the World Health Organization (WHO), the New Zealand Transport Agency (NZTA) transport project evaluation tool and the United Nations University (UNU) co - benefits evaluation framework. Contrary to some expectations at the start of the study, there are few, if any, ‘co - benefits calculators’ suitable for use by planners, government agencies and devel opers. None of the precinct assessment tools such as Local A rea Envisioning and Sustainability S coring System (LESS) and Sustainable Systems Integration Model (SSIM), Precinx and Mutopia (see Newton et al, 2013) include co - benefits calculations, although t here is a clear desire to include these in evaluations. Further, none of the existing tools (HEAT, UNU and NZTA) are explicitly designed for use in precinct assessment. While each of the existing tools has useful aspects for inclusion in co - benefits analys is for precinct assessment, none of them provide a stand - alone capability.
Describes baseline levels of active transport usage in Australian cities, and thus provides a platform from which future interventions in low carbon precinct planning and design can be assessed in terms of their capability to increase the levels of active transport.