Global warming poses particular challenges for urban areas due to the greater intensity of rainfall and issues of stormwater runoff, and the heat island effect generated by the reflection of the sun off hard surfaces, such as buildings and road pavements; for example, in Australian cities (i.e., Sydney), roads account for approximately 25% of all urban land use. The challenge for road authorities is to implement green infrastructure in road planning, design and implementation as the term “green infrastructure” has appeared increasingly throughout the world in land management and planning.
After the full urbanization of the Seoul during the late 1980s several new towns where established outside the Greenbelt. Several push-and-pull factors have followed and influenced the rapid urbanization of the capital region of Korea. Currently more than 23 Million inhabitants are living in the Seoul Metropolitan Area (SMA). This has become one of the biggest urban agglomerations in the world. The greenbelt has had a significant impact on the whole of the SMA. Due to the containment by the greenbelt, an intensive urbanization has occurred within the constrained Seoul City.
The exchange of carbon between the atmosphere and biosphere is an important factor in global climate regulation. Consequently, it is important to examine how carbon flows and cycles between different pools and how carbon stocks change in response to afforestation, reforestation, deforestation, and other land-cover and land-use activities.
This paper presents a conceptual framework to facilitate the development of an inclusive model for the sustainability assessment of green infrastructure. The framework focuses on key interactions between human health, ecosystem services and ecosystem health.
This paper proposes a methodology and a conceptual framework for evaluating green infrastructure performance. This proposed framework combines three key themes: ecosystem services, human health and wellbeing and ecosystem health.