Estimation of the demand of an urban precinct, related to Electricity, Transport, Waste and Water (ETWW), is a necessary step toward the delivery of quality living environments where daily activities can be conducted in a sustainable manner.
Progressive cities worldwide have demonstrated political leadership by initiating meaningful strategies and actions to tackle climate change. However, the lack of knowledge concerning embodied greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions of cities has hampered effective mitigation.
A trans-national, multi-region input-output analysis for cities is presented.
The authors examine the carbon footprint network of ten cities.
The balance of emissions embodied in trade discloses a hierarchy of responsibility.
The authors model how emissions reductions spread through the city carbon networks.
Suburbs have naturally become a focal point of carbon mitigation for cities undergoing rapid suburbanization. This has created a debate over which urban form can more effectively lead to lower household carbon footprints (CF). Previous suburban-scale studies using economic input-output life cycle assessment with national average carbon intensities have demonstrated the mitigation potentials in households via urban planning.
Demand estimation for services and facilities is an important component of urban development, being required for the determination of the level of provision and coverage of infrastructure and related facilities to serve the needs of present and future populations. Demands and associated cabin impacts for the domains of energy, transport, waste and water (ETWW) are significant to planning agencies, infrastructure providers and operators and private developers who all need to deliver services and resources to urban precincts.
Impact Pathways represent specific areas of impact that CRCLCL expects to have in transforming the low carbon built environment. Our projects and activities translate across eight impact pathways, which are linked to our three integrated research programs; Integrated Building Systems, Low Carbon Precincts and Engaged Communities.
With around 80% of global greenhouse gas emissions directly or indirectly attributed to cities, attempts to mitigate climate change impacts must seriously consider urban carbon transformations. Two challenges are currently constraining urban planning decisions around decarbonisation. Firstly, a lack of detailed knowledge about city-induced emissions occurring outside of the city boundary hampers the design of mitigation strategies that involves the city's ‘hinterland’.