This project interim report presents the initial outcomes of the research that consist of:
PART 1: Recruitment of participants from single dwellings and multi-unit dwellings, and initial data analysis of the stage 1 survey;
PART 2: Analysis of the BASIX assessment model, key variables and methods of data collection for the stage 2 energy performance monitoring.
One third of global greenhouse gas emissions are emitted from the building sector contributing significantly to the problem of climate change. While more work has been done on decreasing direct emissions from the operation of buildings, embodied emissions of construction materials receive little consideration even though they constitute a significant additional proportion of emissions.
This report provides a means to determine where Integrated Carbon Metrics goals should be directed, so as to ensure research and tools are developed to best suit industry requirements. This report provides a summary of a scoping study’s findings and a brief discussion of workshop outcomes.
This is a summary of the workshop presentations, discussions and of the workgroup sessions for the CRCLCL’s project on ETWW conducted Friday 1st February 2013, 10:00 – 16:30 at Room C4-16 at the University of South Australia’s City East Campus, chaired by Liz Ampt. The first of these facilitated national workshops on demand forecasting invited representatives from the project partner organisations with presentations from a selection of these as well as CRCLCL and project leaders.
Cities are thought to be associated with most of humanity's consumption of natural resources and impacts on the environment. Cities not only constitute major centers of economic activity, knowledge, innovation, and governance—they are also said to be linked to approximately 70% to 80% of global carbon dioxide emissions. This makes cities primary agents of change in a resource- and carbon-constraint world. In order to set meaningful targets, design successful policies, and implement effective mitigation strategies, it is important that greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions accounting for cities is accurate, comparable, comprehensive, and complete. Despite recent developments in the standardization of city GHG accounting, there is still a lack of consistent guidelines regarding out-of-boundary emissions, thus hampering efforts to identify mitigation priorities and responsibilities. We introduce a new conceptual framework—based on environmental input-output analysis—that allows for a consistent and complete reconciliation of direct and indirect GHG emissions from a city. The “city carbon map” shows local, regional, national, and global origins and destinations of flows of embodied emissions. We test the carbon map concept by applying it to the greater metropolitan area of Melbourne, Australia. We discuss the results and limitations of the approach in the light of possible mitigation strategies and policies by different urban stakeholders.
With around 80% of global greenhouse gas emissions directly or indirectly attributed to cities, attempts to mitigate climate change impacts must seriously consider urban carbon transformations. Two challenges are currently constraining urban planning decisions around decarbonisation. Firstly, a lack of detailed knowledge about city-induced emissions occurring outside of the city boundary hampers the design of mitigation strategies that involves the city's ‘hinterland’.