The residential sector represents some 30% of global electricity consumption but the underlying composition and drivers are still only poorly understood. The drivers are many, varied, and complex, including local climate, household demographics, household behaviour, building stock and the type and number of appliances.
Growth in peak electricity demand poses considerable challenges for utilities seeking to ensure secure, reliable yet affordable energy provision. A better understanding of the key drivers of residential peak electricity demand could assist in better managing peak demand growth through options including demand-side participation and energy efficiency programs.
Cost effective reduction of electricity demand in residential sector is a significant problem worldwide. Feedback intervention is a hot area that possesses considerable potential for achieving electricity saving. However, how to make feedback intervention more effective deserves to be properly explored. In the smart grid case study described in this paper, 3666 greater Sydney region households are sampled. Among these sampled households 2814 residences were equipped with 3 different types of feedback technologies.
This document provides a holistic and integrated sustainable development framework for the development of liveable, economically productive, socially inclusive and environmentally sustainable cities and communities in China. The framework identifies key objectives and principles to achieve urban sustainability and provides specific guidelines for implementation and performance assessment.