The photovoltaic thermal (PV/T) driven desiccant air cooling process could be a good solution to the conventional air cooling cycle in terms of energy saving, where the latent cooling load would be removed adiabatically. However, problems exist where the required desiccant regeneration temperature (60oC - 80oC) often exceeds the outlet fluid temperature from standard PV/T collectors.
One of the major obstacles to improving solar thermal cooling technologies is the high operating temperature requirements of most solar thermal cooling systems. This paper reviews recent advances that could reduce the required heat source temperatures for solar desiccant cooling to the range of 50°C–60°C. These approaches include (i) isothermal dehumidification (e.g. two-stage dehumidification or internal cooled dehumidification) and (ii) pre-cooling of the entry air with ambient heat sinks (e.g. indirect evaporative cooling or geothermal exchange).