Sustainable Urban Water Management (SUWM) approaches highlighted in this special issue have the potential to contribute to the transformation of urban water systems. The aim of the transformation is to accommodate population and economic growth and at the same time enable a system which is environmentally sustainable and resilient to...
The Millennium Drought across Australia during the 2000s placed cities under pressure in providing urban water security. In Sydney, Australia’s largest city, a comprehensive water demand programme triggered a significant reduction in per capita water consumption. The water demand programme included incentives for the installation of rainwater tanks.
The Modelling the Uptake of Water Conservation and Efficiency Measures in Sydney report team worked with Sydney Water’s WaterFix Program to validate their agent based, decision-making model aimed at encouraging consumers to participate in water saving programs.
Adoption of water conservation measures is one-way water utilities and community are able to reduce the demand on finite water resources by a growing population, and adaptively manage the impacts of episodic droughts. To deliver effective and least cost water conservation programs in the future, utilities need to better understand what drives people’s choices to adopt or not adopt water-wise behaviours, technologies and services.
This technical report presents a series of research projects funded by the Low Carbon Living (LCL) CRC, the CSIRO and agencies such as Sydney Water, Sustainability Victoria and the NSW Office of Environment and Heritage have been developing and piloting an Agent-Based Modelling (ABM) approach to better understand the decisions made by community members when they are presented with a range of resource conservation products and services, or are selecting resource consuming appliances and fixtures.
This paper reports on an Agent-Based Model. The purpose of developing this model is to describe ‘the uptake of low carbon and energy efficient technologies and practices by households and under different interventions’. There is a particular focus on modelling non-financial incentives as well as the influence of social networks as well as the decision making by multiple types of agents in interaction, i.e. recommending agents and sales agents, not just households.
Rapid urbanisation generates risks and opportunities for sustainable development. Urban policy and decision makers are challenged by the complexity of cities as social–ecological–technical systems. Consequently there is an increasing need for collaborative knowledge development that supports a whole-of-system view, and transformational change at multiple scales. Such holistic urban approaches are rare in practice.
This report provides a summary of the research activities in the research project RP3028: A Virtual Market for Analysing the Uptake of Energy Efficiency Measures in Residential and Commercial Sectors.
To enable the development of policy programs to increase adoption of energy-efficient products, there is a need to develop a knowledge base from which it is possible to understand the likely success of policy interventions.