Cities across the globe are faced with combined issues associated with large-scale population growth, transportation system change, and re-configuration of urban form in the areas of housing, transport and industry. Research has demonstrated that the design of cities directly affects population health and is also positively associated with levels of population productivity.
The aim of this project is to develop and trial a prototype low-carbon precinct co-benefits calculator for use by urban planners and designers. The calculator will estimate co-benefits associated with a range of alternative precinct designs and transport/land use configurations across health, productivity, and pollution associated with greenhouse gases and particulate emissions.
This paper considers the health impacts of city planning through transport mode choices, identifying interventions that, when combined, encourage walking, cycling, and public transport use, while reducing private motor vehicle use.