Cool roof technology is known to reduce the cooling energy consumption of conditioned buildings during hot periods, and widespread implementation of such roofs in a neighbourhood or precinct can mitigate the urban heat island effect.
The implementation of ‘cool’ roofing materials, with high solar reflectance and infrared emittance, has received significant attention in recent years, as a method to mitigate the urban heat island effect and reduce building cooling energy requirements. The effect of ‘cool’ roofs on heat transfer through the roof structure has been investigated by many researchers. However, the air temperature field above roofs and the influence of elevated above-roof air temperatures on the performance of rooftop air-conditioning equipment and photovoltaic panels have not been studied in depth.
This document presents the mitigation study for the CBD area of Darwin, performed by the High Performance Architecture Group of UNSW, Faculty of Built Environment.The first part of the report includes the methods and the results of the terrestrial and aerial monitoring campaign, the evaluation of the magnitude of the Urban Heat Island (UHI) and finally the main conclusions on the climatic context characterized with the monitoring.
Local and global climate change increases the ambient temperature of cities by several degrees with important consequences on energy consumption, health and the economy. Advanced urban mitigation technologies contribute to decrease the ambient temperature and counterbalance the impact of urban heat islands. The present paper analyses and presents in a comparative way the mitigation potential of the known mitigation technologies using performance data from about 220 real scale urban rehabilitation projects.