The transformation of energy systems is influencing economic policy agendas all over the world, particularly in industrialized countries. In this process, Germany has taken a pioneering role, and hence the technical innovations, legal frameworks, and business models established there are also of interest for other countries trying to achieve broader use of renewable energies.
Energy cooperatives, in which citizens volunteer their time, have become a symbol for a citizen-led energy change. However, new energy cooperatives find it difficult to establish because they are at a disadvantage compared to large suppliers since Renewable Energy Sources Act amendment. New business models are now in demand that help to establish this model on the energy market alongside municipal utilities and private utilities. For example, cooperative members need to build up know-how, create full-time jobs and mobilise risk capital.
Degrowth, technology, and democracy in Community Renewable Energy are discussed.
Six hypotheses on the German energy transition are developed.
Convivial technology is not used in Community Renewable Energy in Germany.
Green consumerism might dominate Community Renewable Energy in the future.