In December 2017 the ACT Minister for Climate Change and Sustainability Shane Rattenbury, asked the ACT Commissioner for Sustainability and the Environment to evaluate the operations of the Plastic Shopping Bags Ban Act 2010 and assess whether any changes were necessary.
The terms of reference were established by the Minister and are addressed in this report. This report represents a summary of the comprehensive technical analysis commissioned by the Commissioner for Sustainability and the Environment and undertaken by the Australian National University: Regulating Plastic Shopping Bags in the Australian Capital Territory: Plastic Shopping Bags Ban Act 2010 Options Analysis.
The ACT Government establish a mandatory plastic bag disclosure regime, which would require those retailers who sell or distribute plastic bags in the Territory to report annually on bag sales and distribution. Prior to its establishment, further consultation should be undertaken with ACT retailers to inform key design issues.
If there is a desire to further reduce plastic consumption, the ACT Government should introduce a mandatory minimum price on plastic bags and consider applying this equally to biodegradable and compostable bags. The price should be based on bag mass and be designed to prompt behavioural change through a ‘nudge’ rather than by a material change in the economic incentives faced by consumers.
The ACT Government review and confirm the optimal division of responsibilities between government agencies for the regulation of plastic bags in the ACT.
The ACT Government research synergies for introducing compostable plastic, primarily into packaging of organics, to supplement the proposed ACT household organic collection scheme.
Office of the Commissioner for Sustainability and the Environment 2018
Rapid global urbanization and the increase of the Urban Heat Island (UHI) effect make urban cooling a necessity as well as an opportunity to increase the liveability and amenity of cities. This review is a scoping study of the relevant worldwide UHI mitigation/adaptation...Read more
With regard to separation of food scraps for composting, this research identified that there are two important aspects often overlooked when the focus is only on behaviour: 1. Policy makers need to ensure that there are socio-technical systems supporting diverse groups of people...Read more
Transportation planners are often looking for efficiency in transportation but this article in Science Advances has also identified that resilience is an important city design feature. Planning for when disruptions occur can help to avoid city gridlock.Read more
Plastics are synthetic materials made from a range of organic polymers that are capable of being moulded when soft. Most plastics are currently made from fossil fuels, typically the by-products from the processing of oil or natural gas. However, there are now a range of bio-based polymers that are used to make plastics, including bioethylene, polylactic acid (PLA) and polyhydroxyalkanoate (PHA).
This report summarizes recent, relevant, global developments in the video games sector, perspectives from over 50 thought leaders from the industry, and stand-out examples of world-class games. It extracts recommendations for how the video game industry, gamers, policymakers and UN Environment can together ‘Play for the Planet’.
To understand what indicators used in CE measure specifically, the authors propose a classification framework to categorise indicators according to reasoning on what (CE strategies) and how (measurement scope).