Solar-assisted cooling technology has enormous potential for air-conditioning applications since both solar energy supply and cooling energy demand are well correlated. Unfortunately, market uptake of solar cooling technologies has been slow due to the high capital cost and limited design/operational experience. In the present work, different designs and operational modes for solar heating and cooling (SHC) absorption chiller systems are investigated and compared in order to identify the preferred design strategies for these systems.
High-temperature absorption chillers (double-effect and triple-effect) have a higher coefficient of performance (COP) than single-effect chillers. This can reduce the collector’s footprint and cost in a solar-cooling plant. Though single-effect, absorption chiller-based solar-cooling systems have been studied for the past 20 years, very little information is available on the performance benefits of high-temperature solar-cooling systems.