Throughout the world, the reliability of public transport systems is constantly under review. Questions of reliability are particularly applicable to bus services, as they commonly share road space with other vehicles.
This report explores barriers to the provision of sharing economy mobility services and highlights actions that can be taken by policy makers and other organisations to support their availability. The report finds that Australia cities have similar shared mobility issues that are evident in other places around the world.
As public transport agencies increasingly adopt the use of automatic data collection systems, a significant amount of boarding data becomes available, providing an excellent opportunity for transit planners to access spatial-temporal data which can be used for a better understanding of human mobility and the performance of a transit system. Smartcard data can be used to examine a whole network regularly, and to make practical estimates of passenger origin-destination (OD) patterns and is a great asset in understanding public transport reliability issues.
From the end of World War Two, the use of public transport in Australian cities declined as the automobile industry grew and car ownership increased rapidly. Over time the car has evolved beyond being a means of transportation into being a subject of interest and a cherished part of their lifestyle for many people. In Australia, the car population is growing faster than the human population, and more than 90 per cent of Australians live in a household with access to a car. Traffic congestion has become a major problem, particularly in urban areas.