This report contains summaries of international examples of kerbside collection of compostables in urban environments. It was prepared as part of the CRC for Low Carbon Living project: Carbon reductions from composting food waste for food production – fitting recycling models to urban form.
A diverse range of cities has been included to illustrate different strategies for implementation and for engaging citizens. The reasons these cities have undertaken kerbside food scrap collection andcomposting programs include landfill closure, environmental consciousness and cost savings. The cities compiled in this report were chosen and investigated through desktop internet research and each promotes source separation of compostable waste. In most cases the compostables are taken for off-site composting, but in several cases, this is preceded by anaerobic digestion. Although the focus is on cities in industrialised countries, several towns have been included as well as three cases from Asia and South America, in order to illustrate particular unique aspects.
In order to facilitate browsing, and to allow the reader quick access to relevant information, the summary for each city is structured using the following headings:
Organizations responsible for implementing the scheme
Method of introduction
Publicity, information and education
Policy/legislative changes contributing to success
Quality of product
Use of end products
Other benefits (where applicable)
Problems (where applicable)
Lessons learned (where applicable)
The report is designed to give an overview of, and introduction to, a range of food scrap collection/composting schemes. References and contact details for more information on each case are provided at the end of the report.
With regard to separation of food scraps for composting, this research identified that there are two important aspects often overlooked when the focus is only on behaviour: 1. Policy makers need to ensure that there are socio-technical systems supporting diverse groups of people...Read more
Rapid global urbanization and the increase of the Urban Heat Island (UHI) effect make urban cooling a necessity as well as an opportunity to increase the liveability and amenity of cities. This review is a scoping study of the relevant worldwide UHI mitigation/adaptation...Read more
Transportation planners are often looking for efficiency in transportation but this article in Science Advances has also identified that resilience is an important city design feature. Planning for when disruptions occur can help to avoid city gridlock.Read more
This report presents findings from research undertaken by Swinburne University into resident engagement with an onsite composting trial introduced into two apartment blocks by the City of Melbourne. The trial was conducted between February and June 2016, with one building hosting a multi-bin worm farm system and the other hosting an in-vessel composter.
The urban composting research symposium was held at the Hawthorn Arts Centre on Monday 27 August 2018 to showcase the research undertaken as part of the CRC for Low Carbon Living funded project, RP2019 “Enabling carbon reductions through composting food waste for use in growing food”.
The symposium focused on urban composting solutions, including kerbside collections of food waste for offsite composting and models of on-site composting and onsite pre-treatment for later composting. There is no one-size-fits all and the discussions were framed in terms of type of urban fabric.
This video introduces CRCLCL's projects looking at international cases that encouraging compost to minimise waste. Australian households have opportunities to utilise composting as a way to achieve sustainable environmental outcomes.
This report presents findings from research undertaken by Swinburne University exploring staff engagement with using worm farms for food scrap compost in the Council House 1 (CH1) building of the City of Melbourne offices.