Options for improving energy efficiency in low income households

Energy poverty and deprivation are pressing policy concerns for governments, particularly with regard to low-income households where the impacts can be acute. Literature surveyed in this review recommends interventions be targeted at the most vulnerable households or households with the highest needs in order to achieve equitable outcomes. Eligibility criteria may be based on household income level but should also be targeted at specific household types including families with young children, older people, and people with pre-existing health conditions. Technology-focused interventions must be accompanied by education programs to ensure correct usage to maximise benefits. The financial cost of implementation should not be borne by recipient households, including indirect costs such as increased housing costs from being rehoused to better quality housing or landlords passing on the costs of the intervention.