26 Jun 2018

Landscape architecture focuses on the relationship between the natural and the built environment.  As we move towards an uncertain future, our methods for understanding that relationship must shift from reliance on what we know about our environment, to what we can anticipate for the future.

01 Jan 2017

This paper discusses the significance of urban rail in sustainable development through a number of case studies.

Journal article
20 Aug 2018

As extreme heat comes our way and threatens to impact on our buildings, it’s time to acknowledge that the quality Australia’s urban fabric is not on a par with other parts of the world.

29 Nov 2016

The health and wellbeing of building occupants should be a key priority in the design, building, and operation of new and existing buildings. Buildings can be designed, renovated, and constructed to promote healthy environments and behaviors and mitigate adverse health outcomes.

Journal article
07 Jul 2016

This document provides a standardised classification scheme (conventions and protocols) to estimate the vegetation cover of large areas with high resolution and accuracy, which has potential use to inform and propose climate change adaptation/mitigation strategies.

Conference paper
11 May 2017

There is ample evidence of the cooling effects of green infrastructure (GI) that has been extensively documented in the literature. However, the study of the thermal profiles of different GI typologies requires the classification of urban sites for a meaningful comparison of results, since specific spatial and physical characteristics produce distinct microclimates.

Conference paper
12 Apr 2018

The local climate zones (LCZ) scheme has attracted the interest of climate researchers as it enables the standardized study of urban heat islands by combining thermal and physical parameters of built and natural structures. Most recent work on LCZ has concentrated on understanding air temperature differences, adapting the scheme to different contexts and improving satellite-based classification methods. However, studies using very high-resolution imagery, including 3-D descriptors and analyzing their land surface temperature (LST) variability are scarcer.

Journal article
05 Apr 2018


  • 165 studies from 2010 to 2017 investigating the cooling effects of green infrastructure were systematically reviewed.
  • Studies were analysed for their spatial patterns, investigation period, typologies studied and methodological aspects.
  • Five major gaps in the literature were identified.
  • Research opportunities for future development were identified.


Journal article
23 May 2017

This paper presents a methodological framework for a more accurate assessment of the thermal performance of green infrastructure (GI) using a combination of airborne remote sensing, field measurements and numerical modelling. The proposed framework consists of: (a) controlling intervening variables and classifying sites according to urban morphology, (b) classifying GI according to a newly developed typology, (c) quantifying and allocating a set of indicators/metrics to each typology, and (d) analysing and comparing data spatially and statistically.

Journal article
22 Aug 2019

Executive summary
A growing body of research shows that healthy watersheds are a vital component of a well-functioning water supply infrastructure system. When green infrastructure is used to complement, substitute, or safeguard traditional gray infrastructure, it can achieve optimal service delivery and save water suppliers (and water customers) money. The strategic protection, management, and restoration of natural systems within watersheds (often referred to as green infrastructure) can, for example:

Working paper
12 Dec 2018

As cities grapple with the impacts of heatwaves, exacerbated by the urban heat island effect and amplified by climate change impacts, green spaces can cool urban areas, as well as provide health and wellbeing benefits to city dwellers and habitat for biodiversity.

Fact sheet
05 Jan 2016

Global warming poses particular challenges for urban areas due to the greater intensity of rainfall and issues of stormwater runoff, and the heat island effect generated by the reflection of the sun off hard surfaces, such as buildings and road pavements; for example, in Australian cities (i.e., Sydney), roads account for approximately 25% of all urban land use. The challenge for road authorities is to implement green infrastructure in road planning, design and implementation as the term “green infrastructure” has appeared increasingly throughout the world in land management and planning.

Journal article