08 Jun 2016

This paper discusses the history of urban infrastructure planning in the 20th century.

Journal article
08 Oct 2018

A program to support and endorse local governments in Western Australia for their leadership in creating water sensitive communities.

Case study
31 Jul 2017


  • Rate of chloride ingress in fly ash based geopolymer concrete is high in aggressive environment.
  • Geopolymer concrete shows less carbonation resistance compared to Portland cement concrete.
  • Reinforcement bars embedded in geopolymer concrete is more prone to corrosion compared to OPC concrete.


Journal article
03 Dec 2018

The CRCLCL-supported ClimateClever Initiative is a low carbon, educational program underpinned by an innovative, data-driven App.

12 Jul 2019

WGV is a 2.2ha residential infill development in White Gum Valley delivered by the Western Australian State Government Developer, LandCorp. Consisting of four multi-residential sites, one group housing site and 23 detached residential sites, WGV will eventually accommodate up to 100 dwellings and around 250 people. Civil works commenced at WGV in 2014, with construction of the first buildings starting later the same year. As of July 2019, WGV is approximately 60% built out and occupied.

28 Jun 2019

The ‘Beyond White Gum Valley Precincts Guide: The Energy Village Concept’ objective is to assist design teams and planning assessment officers on ‘innovative’ and achievable options for implementing a precinct distributed energy system (DES). Balance’s starting point is that the objective for the precinct’s embedded electricity system is to minimise utility grid import and reduce external dependency while increasing residents’ energy savings and incorporating community energy sharing potential.

Technical report
25 Aug 2017

This report argues that the energy sector is changing rapidly globally and nationally; and that Western Australia needs a plan to navigate its way through these changes and towards a sustainable and affordable energy future.

17 Jun 2019

In January 2016, a two-year Low Carbon School Pilot Program (LCSPP) was developed and launched in Perth, Western Australia. A total of 15 schools participated in the pilot - 10 primary schools and five high schools from around seven different local government areas.
The aim of the LCSPP was to enable, empower and facilitate schools to reduce their school’s greenhouse gas emissions and utility costs while educating and upskilling the next generation to be more efficient with resources.

05 Jan 2018

This study investigates the durability of precast fly ash–based geopolymer concrete (GPC) exposed to an outdoor atmospheric environment for 8 years. Core specimens from GPC culverts are tested to determine the effect of carbonation, permeation properties, and poresize distribution, and the durability is compared with that of ordinary portland cement (OPC) concrete from the same exposure environment. It is found that the GPC has lower carbonation resistance than OPC concrete.

Journal article
06 Aug 2015

This paper demonstrates to transit proponents and practitioners how to facilitate infrastructure projects by optimizing induced and activated land-use change.

Journal article
26 Nov 2018

Improved energy performance of buildings presents a win-win-win opportunity, reducing stress on the electricity network, offering bill savings, supporting a least-cost pathway to a zero carbon built environment, and improving health and resilience outcomes for households and businesses.

20 Sep 2017

There is concern that rising electricity prices in Western Australia have a particular impact on the standard of living for those with fixed incomes. One group thought to be particularly affected are senior citizens. This paper describes a trial that assessed the impact of SMS tips and voltage optimisation units (VOU) on the ability of low-income, senior citizen households to conserve energy. Baseline electricity consumption data was collected during 2014, and in 2015 electricity use interventions were conducted in 127 households.

Conference paper